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South Africa National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, and Behavior Survey 2011-2012


General Info
Original or alternative title 
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
08/2011 - 10/2012
Data type
  • Household
  • Individual
  • Interview
  • Subnationally representative
  • Urban-rural representative

The 2012 South Africa National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, and Behavior Survey is the fourth in a series of national population-based surveys conducted for surveillance of the HIV epidemic in South Africa. The previous surveys were conducted in 2002, 2005, and 2008. The survey was designed to investigate overall HIV prevalence and incidence, as well as HIV-related behavior and health. It enables the measurement of trends and changes in the epidemic over time, and presentation of essential data for national indicator reporting.

Data were collected with clinical measurements, interviews, focus groups, and observations. Four separate questionnaires were utilized: a household questionnaire, a questionnaire for parents/guardians of children ages 0-11, a questionnaire for children ages 12-14, and a questionnaire for persons ages 15 and above. 11,079 households agreed to participate and 38,431 individuals completed interviews. The survey excluded institutionalized persons. 

Abortion, Abortive outcome, Absenteeism, Adult mortality, Age at first sex, Alcohol use, Alcohol use disorders, Amphetamine use disorders, Antenatal care, Antibiotics, Antiretroviral therapy, Anxiety, Assets, BCG vaccines, Birth certificates, Birth control pills, Birth weight, Blood tests, Breastfeeding, Breathing difficulty, Burns, Caesarean section, Cannabis use disorders, Child mortality, Circumcision, Cocaine use disorders, Community health clinics, Condoms, Contraceptives, Cooking fuels, Cough, Counseling, Crime, DTP vaccines, Diarrhea, Disability, Domestic violence, Drug consumption, Drug use disorders, Education, Education access, Electricity, Emergency contraception, Employment, Falls, Family composition, Family planning, Family size, Fatigue, Fertility, Fever, Health aid, Health care access, Health care use, Health education, Health facilities, Health literacy, Health promotion, Health status, Hearing loss, Hepatitis B vaccines, Hib vaccines, Hospitals, Household air pollution, Housing conditions, Hypertension, IUDs, Illicit drug use, Incidence, Income, Infant mortality, Injectable contraceptives, Injections, Injuries, Internet, Interpersonal violence, Languages, Length of stay, Live births, Marital status, Marriage age, Mass media, Maternal conditions, Maternal hemorrhage, Maternal mortality, Maternal sepsis, Measles vaccines, Medicines, Menstruation, Mental and behavioral disorders, Mental health symptoms, Mortality, Multiple births, Needle sharing, Neonatal conditions, Occupational injuries, Opioid use disorders, Oral rehydration therapy, PMTCT, Pap smears, Parental survival, Pharmacies, Physical activity, Place of delivery, Pneumococcal vaccines, Poisonings, Polio vaccines, Postnatal care, Poverty, Pregnancy, Prevalence, Private health facilities, Public health facilities, Public social assistance, Refrigeration, Reproductive and sexual risk factors, Road traffic injuries, Rotavirus vaccines, Sanitation, School enrollment, Screening mammography, Self-inflicted injuries, Sexual abstinence, Sexual behavior, Sexual sterilization, Sexual violence, Sibling survival, Siblings, Skilled birth attendants, Stillbirths, Symptoms, Telephones, Tetanus toxoid vaccines, Tobacco smoking, Traditional birth control, Traditional healers, Unintentional injuries, VCT, Vaccination cards, Violence, Vision loss, Vitamin A supplements, Water supply