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Zambia Living Conditions Monitoring Survey 1996


General Info
Zambia (ZMB)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
09/1996 - 11/1996
Series or system 
Zambia Living Conditions Monitoring Survey
Data type
  • Cross-sectional
  • De jure
  • Household
  • Interview
  • Longitudinal
  • Nationally representative
  • Subnationally representative
  • Urban-rural representative

The LCMS series of surveys in Zambia were originally based on the Priority Surveys of 1991 and 1993. While the Priority Surveys were aimed at evaluating structural adjustment policies, the LCMS series focused on providing indicators of living conditions and poverty.

The 1996 LCMS I was the first in the series. The sampling frame for the LCMS I was obtained from the 1990 Census. Census supervisory areas were split into standard enumeration areas (SEAs). Out of a total of 12,999 SEAs, a sample of 610 SEAs (261 urban and 349 rural) were selected. A total of 6,550 urban households and 5,220 rural households were included in the sample.

Three questionnaires were used, one for households, one for individuals 12-years old and above, and one for children 11-years old and below. The poverty estimates are not comparable across all surveys in this series.

Agriculture, Alcohol use, Anemia, Ascariasis, Assets, BCG vaccines, Body mass index, Breastfeeding, COPD, Child anthropometry, Child care, Child labor, Cooking fuels, Coping behavior, Cough, Crime, Crops, DTP vaccines, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Diarrheal diseases, Disability, Disasters, Domestic migration, Education, Education access, Education expenditures, Electricity, Employment, Employment benefits, Ethnicity, Family composition, Family size, Fever, Food expenditures, Health care access, Health care personnel, Health care use, Health insurance, Health status, Hearing loss, Height, Hookworm disease, Hospitals, Household air pollution, Household deaths, Household expenditures, Hypertension, Immunization, Income, Injuries, International migration, Jaundice, Leprosy, Livestock, Living conditions, Lower respiratory infections, Malnutrition, Marital status, Marriage age, Mass media, Measles, Measles vaccines, Mental and behavioral disorders, Military service, Mumps, Nurses, Occupation codes, Occupations, Oral conditions, Otitis media, Pain, Parental survival, Personal health expenditures, Pharmacists, Physicians, Poisonings, Polio, Polio vaccines, Poverty, Private health facilities, Public health facilities, Respiratory infections, Roads, Sanitation, School enrollment, Sexual violence, Skilled birth attendants, Summary birth history, Teachers, Telephones, Tobacco smoking, Traditional healers, Traditional medicine, Training programs, Transportation, Trichuriasis, Tuberculosis, Vaccination cards, Violence, Vision loss, Vomiting, Waste disposal, Water supply, Weight, Whooping cough