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Mexico Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2010


General Info
Original or alternative title 
Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares (ENIGH)
Mexico (MEX)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
08/2010 - 11/2010
Series or system 
Mexico Household Income and Expenditure Survey (ENIGH)
Data type
  • Cross-sectional
  • Household
  • Individual
  • Interview
  • Nationally representative
  • Subnationally representative
  • Urban-rural representative

The purpose of this survey was to investigate the income, spending, sociodemographic, and employment situations of households in Mexico. The data were collected through in-home in-person interviews. The survey included households in urban and rural areas throughout Mexico. The sample size for this round was 30,169 households.

The questionnaire asked about living conditions and household assets, education, employment activities of persons 12 years and older, a 7-day household expenditure diary, detailed questions on spending, and income.

This survey ran two modules at the same time, to the same population sample, using the same questionnaires. The modules were called Traditional and New Construction. The difference between the two was the construction of the variables and how they are presented in the results. The New Construction results segmented spending and income into tabulations that included monetary and nonmonetary incomes and expenditures.

Agriculture, Allergies, Ambulances, Antenatal care, Antibiotics, Assets, Birth control pills, Blood pressure, Child labor, Children, Condoms, Contraceptive implants, Contraceptives, Cooking fuels, Corrective lenses, Cough, Dental care, Dermatitis, Diaphragms, Diarrhea, Diet, Disability, Education, Electricity, Emergency care, Emergency contraception, Employment, Employment benefits, Ethnicity, Family composition, Family size, Fever, Fish, Fishing, Food, Food expenditures, Fruits and vegetables, Headache, Health care access, Health care prices, Health care use, Health facilities, Health insurance, Health status, Hearing aids, Hospitals, Hours worked, Household air pollution, Household expenditures, Housing, Housing conditions, Housing materials, Hypertension, IUDs, Immunization, Income, Influenza, Injectable contraceptives, Internet, Land ownership, Languages, Leisure activities, Literacy, Living conditions, Loans, Marital status, Mass media, Medicines, Micronutrient supplements, Migraine, Mobility aids, Occupations, Pain, Personal health expenditures, Pharmacies, Physical examinations, Postpartum amenorrhea, Poverty, Pregnancy, Prescriptions, Private social assistance, Processed foods, Public social assistance, Sanitation, School enrollment, Schools, Sexual sterilization, Skilled birth attendants, Social class, Spermicides, Summary birth history, Surgical procedures, Telephones, Therapies, Tobacco smoking, Traditional birth control, Traditional medicine, Transportation, Ultrasound, Waste disposal, Water supply, Working conditions, X-rays