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Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) Reference Life Table


General Info
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
01/1990 - 12/2019
Series or system 
Data type

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019), coordinated by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), estimated the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors for 204 countries and territories and selected subnational locations.

This reference life table, or theoretical minimum risk life table (TMRLT), is used in GBD to calculate years of life lost (YLLs) due to premature mortality. It was constructed based on the lowest observed age-specific mortality rates by location and sex across all estimation years from all locations with populations over 5 million in 2016. YLLs are computed by multiplying the number of estimated deaths by the reference life table’s life expectancy at age of death. The table includes estimates for life expectancy at age x for ages 0 to 95+ at five-year intervals.

For additional GBD results and resources, visit the GBD 2019 Data Resources page.