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Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) United States Fatal Police Violence by Race and State 1980-2019


General Info
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
01/1980 - 12/2019
Series or system 
Data type
  • Subnationally representative

Estimates of deaths due to police violence were produced for all ages by sex, state, and race/ethnicity for the United States between 1980 and 2019. Data from the USA National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) was compared to three non-governmental, open-source databases on police violence: Fatal Encounters, Mapping Police Violence, and The Counted. Data from all sources were extracted and standardized, and a network meta-regression used to quantify the rate of under-reporting within the USA NVSS. These rates were used to inform correction factors and provide adjusted mortality estimates.