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Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016) Covariates 1980-2016


General Info
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
01/1980 - 12/2016
Series or system 
Data type

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016), coordinated by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), estimated the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for a subset of countries.

Covariates, which are independent variables with a positive or negative relationship to GBD diseases and conditions, are used to inform the estimation process in all models of the GBD study. Types of covariates used include socioeconomic, demographic, health system access, climate, and food consumption. This dataset contains data for 565 covariates for 1980-2016 used in the GBD 2016 study. Please note that data for England is not included for some covariates.

Data files are available to download at this location.

Abortion, Abortive outcome, Agriculture, Alcohol use, Anemia, Animal injuries, Antenatal care, Aortic aneurysm, Asbestosis, Asthma, Back pain, Beds, Bladder cancer, Blood glucose, Blood pressure, Body mass index, Breast cancer, Burns, COPD, Caloric intake, Cardiomyopathies, Cardiovascular and circulatory diseases, Cervix uteri cancer, Chagas disease, Child anthropometry, Cholera, Cholesterol, Chromosomal abnormalities, Chronic respiratory diseases, Cirrhosis of the liver, Colon and rectum cancers, Congenital heart anomalies, Contact with venomous animals and plants, Contraceptives, Cooking fuels, Corpus uteri cancer, DTP vaccines, Dengue, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Dietary fiber, Dietary sodium, Dietary sugar, Drownings, Echinococcosis, Education, Encephalitis, Endocarditis, Environment, Environmental hazards, Secondhand smoke, Epilepsy, Falls, Fertility, Fish, Foreign bodies, Fruits, GDP, Gallbladder and biliary tract cancers, Gout, HIV and AIDS, Health care access, Hemoglobin, Hemolytic anemias, Hemorrhagic stroke, Hepatitis, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hib vaccines, Homicide, Household air pollution, Hygiene, Immunization, Influenza, Insecticide-treated bednets, Interstitial lung diseases, Iodine supplements, Ischemic heart disease, Larynx cancer, Legumes, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Leukemia, Live births, Liver cancer, Livestock, Lower respiratory infections, Lymphatic filariasis, Malaria, Malnutrition, Measles vaccines, Meat, Melanoma, Meningitis, Meningococcal vaccines, Mesothelioma, Milk, Mining, Mortality, Mouth cancer, Nuts, Obesity, Occupational injuries, Organized violence, Osteoarthritis, Otitis media, Ovary cancer, Pancreas cancer, Pancreatitis, Peripheral vascular diseases, Personal health expenditures, Pharynx cancers, Place of delivery, Pneumococcal vaccines, Pneumoconiosis, Poisonings, Population, Population density, Prevalence, Prostate cancer, Rainfall, Religion, Rheumatic heart disease, Road traffic injuries, Rotavirus vaccines, Rubella vaccines, Sanitation, Schistosomiasis, Self-inflicted injuries, Sexual violence, Silicosis, Skilled birth attendants, Stomach cancer, Stroke, Suffocation, Syphilis, Tetanus toxoid vaccines, Thyroid cancer, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Trachoma, Transportation, Tuberculosis, Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers, Unintentional firearm injuries, Unipolar depressive disorders, Unprocessed red meat, Upper respiratory infections, Urban ambient air pollution, Vegetables, Violence, Vitamin A deficiency, Vitamin A supplements, Water supply, Whole grains, Yellow fever