The Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) is a STEPwise approach to surveillance (STEPS) project, collaboratively developed by WHO, United Nations' UNICEF, UNESCO, and UNAIDS, with technical assistance from CDC.
It helps countries measure and assess, at a relatively low cost, the behavioral risk factors and protective factors among young people ages 13 to 17 years (originally 13 to 15 years). Based on the data, countries may set priorities, establish programs, and develop resources for school health and youth health programs and policies.
Countries that participate in this project appoint a survey coordinator through the Ministry of Health or the Ministry of Education. The survey coordinator is charged with the management of the project, and also serves as a liaison with agencies and organizations at home and abroad.
The questionnaire is self-administered. Ten key topics are covered: alcohol use, dietary behaviors, drug use, hygiene, mental health, physical activity, protective factors, sexual behaviors, tobacco use, and violence and unintentional injury.
*The STEPwise approach to surveillance (STEPS) represents a simple standardized method for “collecting, analyzing, and disseminating data in WHO member countries.” It’s being developed, coordinated, and distributed by WHO.