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Reproductive Health Survey (RHS)

Summary 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides technical assistance to countries to design and implement national population-based surveys, as well as analyze and use the resulting data to improve reproductive and child health services.

Since the development of immunization surveys in the 1950s to evaluate poliomyelitis vaccination programs, CDC has traditionally used population based surveys to evaluate public health programs, including the worldwide smallpox eradication program in the 1960s and 1970s. Through an agreement with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) lasting over 35 years, CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health has provided technical assistance to ministries of health and other implementing partners to conduct RHS surveys. When they began in 1975, the USAID-supported CDC surveys were Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys (CPS). These surveys were expanded to include maternal and child health concerns and in the early 1980s were renamed the Maternal and Child Health/Family Planning Surveys (MCH/FP). Later that decade, the MCH/FP surveys further expanded to encompass additional reproductive health issues and became the RHS. Additionally, 15 Young Adult Reproductive Health Surveys (YARHS) were conducted between the years of 1985 and 2001, focusing on young men and women aged 15-24. Consequently, early surveys do not bear the RHS name, but provide comparable data. The questions included in the RHS surveys conducted since the late 1980’s are comparable with those conducted as part of the series of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted by ICF Macro, but the datasets have not been recoded into a standardized format.

While largely focused on Latin America and Eastern Europe in recent years, RHS data are available for countries in other regions of the world as well. RHS questionnaires are adapted to the data requirements of each country. The topics covered in the surveys generally include fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health including pregnancy, delivery and postpartum care, birth weight, immunization, breastfeeding, HIV/AIDS, adolescent and young adult sexuality, and general health practices. Selected surveys have also included information on abortion, STI’s, anthropometric measures, anemia, violence against women, maternal mortality, maternal morbidity, school attendance and child development. While all of the surveys involved interviews of reproductive age women, some of the surveys have also included interviews with men.

Summaries, and in many cases datasets and reports, for all surveys in this series are available on the GHDx. Additionally, RHS indicators are included in the MEASURE DHS STATcompiler.

RHS Survey Availability

Funders 

Reproductive Health Survey (RHS) Dataset Records

Georgia Reproductive Health Survey 2010-2011

2010 Georgia Reproductive Health Survey (GERHS10)
Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative - Urban-rural representative

Paraguay Reproductive Health Survey 2008 File icon

Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud Sexual y Reproductiva 2008 (ENDSSR 2008)
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Jamaica Reproductive Health Survey 2008-2009 File icon

Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative - Urban-rural representative

Ecuador Reproductive Health Survey 2004 File icon

Ecuador Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Materna e Infantil 2004 (ENDEMAIN)
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Paraguay Reproductive Health Survey 2004 File icon

Paraguay Encuesta Nacional de Demografica y Salud Reproductiva 2004
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Guatemala Reproductive Health Survey 2002 File icon

Guatemala Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil (ENSMI) 2002
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Honduras Reproductive Health Survey 2001 File icon

Encuesta Nacional de Epidemiologia y Salud Familiar (ENESF) 2001 and Encuesta Nacional de Salud Masculina (ENSM) 2001
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Verbal autopsy

Ecuador Reproductive Health Survey 1999 File icon

Ecuador Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Materna e Infantil 1999 (ENDEMAIN)
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Honduras Reproductive Health Survey 1996 File icon

Encuesta Nacional de Epidemiologia y Salud Familiar (ENESF) 1996 and Encuesta Nacional de Salud Masculina (ENSM) 1996
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Verbal autopsy

Paraguay Reproductive Health Survey 1995-1996 File icon

Paraguay Encuesta Nacional de Demografia y Salud Reproductiva 1995-1996
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Verbal autopsy

Ecuador Reproductive Health Survey 1994 File icon

Ecuador Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Materna e Infantil 1994 (ENDEMAIN)
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Belize Family Health Survey 1991 File icon

Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Urban-rural representative

Paraguay Family Planning Survey 1987 File icon

Paraguay Encuesta de Planificacion Familiar 1987
Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview

Jordan Husbands' Fertility Survey 1985

Cross-sectional - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Urban-rural representative

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