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Global Human Capital Estimates 1990-2016


General Info
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
Coverage type 
Time period covered 
01/1990 - 12/2016
Data type

Human capital, widely recognized as the level of education and health in a population, is considered an important determinant of economic growth. IHME generated a measure of expected human capital, defined for each birth cohort as the expected years lived from 20 to 64 years of age adjusted for educational attainment, learning or education quality, and functional health status using period-age-and-sex-specific rates. Learning estimates are based on student performance on math, science, and reading assessments. Functional health status is comprised of the prevalence of seven conditions with proven links to productivity and learning.

This dataset includes estimates for the following five measures by age and sex for 195 countries from 1990-2016: expected human capital; average years of educational attainment, from 0-18 years; learning, the average standardized test score transformed to a 0 to 1 scale; health, transformed to a 0 to 1 scale; and survival, or expected years lived between ages 20-64.

Publication year 
Suggested citation 
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). Global Human Capital Estimates 1990-2016. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2018.