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Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD 2017) Data Input Sources Tool

These data are not from the current GBD round. Please see this page for GBD 2019 data. Please contact [email protected] with any questions.

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD 2017) synthesizes a large number of input sources to estimate mortality, causes of death and illness, and risk factors.

The Data Input Sources Tool lets you explore GBD 2017 input sources and retrieve relevant metadata.

Use the selection boxes below to see these input sources by GBD component, geography, and cause. After you have made your selection, you can view and access GHDx catalog records for input sources used by GBD.

Download these input sources as a CSV file to see more information about how they were used in the analysis for the Global Burden of Disease. This CSV file contains relevant metadata about the input sources as suggested in the Guidelines for Accurate and Transparent Health Estimates Reporting (GATHER), a statement that promotes best practices in reporting health estimates.

For detailed information on the tool and the contents of the CSV files, refer to the following documents:


If you do not want to wait for your results to download, you can be notified by email by clicking on email download
Results for All Components, Japan
Total Results: 1049

Note that total results refers to the number of distinct input sources listed here. Your download may have many more rows.


Nakayama T, Date C, Yokoyama T, Yoshiike N, Yamaguchi M, Tanaka H. A 15.5-year follow-up study of stroke in a Japanese provincial city. The Shibata Study. Stroke. 1997; 28(1): 45–52.

Shimizu H, Morishita M, Mizuno K, Masuda T, Ogura Y, Santo M, Nishimura M, Kunishima K, Karasawa K, Nishiwaki K. A case-control study of lung cancer in nonsmoking women. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1988; 154(4): 389-97.

Terada T, Terasaki S, Nakanuma Y. A clinicopathologic study of adenomatous hyperplasia of the liver in 209 consecutive cirrhotic livers examined by autopsy. Cancer. 1993; 72(5): 1551-6.

Utsunomiya T, Shimada M, Kudo M, Ichida T, Matsui O, Izumi N, Matsuyama Y, Sakamoto M, Nakashima O, Ku Y, others. A comparison of the surgical outcomes among patients with HBV-positive, HCV-positive, and non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma: a nationwide study of 11,950 patients . Ann Surg. 2015; 261(3): 513-20.

Suzuki G, Yamaguchi I, Ogata H, Sugiyama H, Yonehara H, Kasagi F, Fujiwara S, Tatsukawa Y, Mori I, Kimura S. A nation-wide survey on indoor radon from 2007 to 2010 in Japan. J Radiat Res. 2010; 51(6): 683-9.

Yamaguchi Y, Torisu H, Kira R, Ishizaki Y, Sakai Y, Sanefuji M, Ichiyama T, Oka A, Kishi T, Kimura S, Kubota M, Takanashi J, Takahashi Y, Tamai H, Natsume J, Hamano S, Hirabayashi S, Maegaki Y, Mizuguchi M, Minagawa K, Yoshikawa H, Kira J, Kusunoki S, Hara T. A nationwide survey of pediatric acquired demyelinating syndromes in Japan. Neurology. 2016; 87(19): 2006-2015.

Murata M, Takayama K, Choi BC, Pak AW. A nested case-control study on alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and cancer. Cancer Detect Prev. 1996; 20(6): 557-65.

Akizuki S. A population study of hyperuricaemia and gout in Japan--analysis of sex, age and occupational differences in thirty-four thousand people living in Nagano Prefecture. Rheumatism. 1982; 22(3): 201-8.

Maruyama T, Niederman MS, Kobayashi T, Kobayashi H, Takagi T, D'Alessandro-Gabazza CN, Fujimoto H, Gil Bernabe P, Hirohata S, Nakayama S, Nishikubo K, Yuda H, Yamaguchi A, Gabazza EC, Noguchi T, Takei Y, Taguchi O. A prospective comparison of nursing home-acquired pneumonia with hospital-acquired pneumonia in non-intubated elderly. Respir Med. 2008; 102(9): 1287-95.

Ikematsu H, Kashiwagi S, Hayashi J, Nomura H, Kajiyama W, Tani S, Uragari Y, Goto M. A seroepidemiologic study of hepatitis A virus infections: statistical analysis of two independent cross-sectional surveys in Okinawa, Japan. Am J Epidemiol. 1987; 126(1): 50-4.

Sakata H, Maruyama S. A study of bacterial meningitis in Hokkaido between 1994 and 1998. J Jpn Assoc Infec Dis. 2000; 74(4): 339-44.

Hokama T. A study of the hemoglobin levels in breast-fed infants in one village of Okinawa prefecture. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1993; 35(2): 138-40.

Oikawa S, Kanno N, Sanada T, Abukawa J, Higuchi H. A survey of indoor workplace radon concentration in Japan. J Environ Radioact. 2006; 87(3): 239–45.

Shimoyama T, Aoki M, Sasaki Y, Matsuzaka M, Nakaji S, Fukuda S. ABC screening for gastric cancer is not applicable in a Japanese population with high prevalence of atrophic gastritis. Gastric Cancer. 2012; 15(3): 331–4.

United Nations Population Division. Abortion Policies: A Global Review. New York, United States of America: United Nations (UN), 2002.

Yoshimura N, Muraki S, Oka H, Tanaka S, Kawaguchi H, Nakamura K, Akune T. Accumulation of metabolic risk factors such as overweight, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and impaired glucose tolerance raises the risk of occurrence and progression of knee osteoarthritis: a 3-year follow-up of the ROAD study. Osteoarthr Cartil. 2012; 20(11): 1217-26.

Rumana N, Kita Y, Turin TC, Nakamura Y, Takashima N, Ichikawa M, Sugihara H, Morita Y, Hirose K, Kawakami K, Okayama A, Miura K, Ueshima H. Acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction in a Japanese population: Takashima stroke and AMI registry, 1989-2005. Int J Stroke. 2014; 9 Suppl A100: 69–75.

Kessler RC, Birnbaum HG, Shahly V, Bromet E, Hwang I, McLaughlin KA, Sampson N, Andrade LH, de Girolamo G, Demyttenaere K, Haro JM, Karam AN, Kostyuchenko S, Kovess V, Lara C, Levinson D, Matschinger H, Nakane Y, Browne MO, Ormel J, Posada-Villa J, Sagar R, Stein DJ. Age differences in the prevalence and co-morbidity of DSM-IV major depressive episodes: results from the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Depress Anxiety. 2010; 27(4): 351–64.

Ichida F, Suzuki S, Furuta S, Takahashi Y, Yamamoto M, Tanaka M, Yano M. Age specific prevalence of anti HA in Japan--from multi-institutional analysis. Gastroenterol Jpn. 1981; 16(4): 384-8.

Nakagami T, Qiao Q, Carstensen B, Nhr-Hansen C, Hu G, Tuomilehto J, Balkau B, Borch-Johnsen K. Age, body mass index and Type 2 diabetes-associations modified by ethnicity. Diabetologia. 2003; 46(8): 1063-70.

Wakabayashi I, Groschner K. Age-dependent associations of smoking and drinking with non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Metab Clin Exp. 2010; 59(7): 1074–81.

Katsuta E, Tanaka S, Mogushi K, Matsumura S, Ban D, Ochiai T, Irie T, Kudo A, Nakamura N, Tanaka H, Tanabe M, Arii S. Age-related clinicopathologic and molecular features of patients receiving curative hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma. Am J Surg. 2014; 208(3): 450-6.

Ikeda Y, Iki M, Morita A, Aihara H, Kagamimori S, Kagawa Y, Matsuzaki T, Yoneshima H, Marumo F. Age-specific values and cutoff levels for the diagnosis of osteoporosis in quantitative ultrasound measurements at the calcaneus with SAHARA in healthy Japanese women: Japanese population-based osteoporosis (JPOS) study. Calcif Tissue Int. 2002; 71(1): 1-9.

Hamaguchi M, Kojima T, Ohbora A, Takeda N, Fukui M, Kato T. Aging is a risk factor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in premenopausal women. World J Gastroenterol. 2012; 18(3): 237-43.

Waki K, Noda M, Sasaki S, Matsumura Y, Takahashi Y, Isogawa A, Ohashi Y, Kadowaki T, Tsugane S, JPHC Study Group. Alcohol consumption and other risk factors for self-reported diabetes among middle-aged Japanese: a population-based prospective study in the JPHC study cohort I. Diabet Med. 2005; 22(3): 323-31.

Katanoda K, Sobue T, Satoh H, Tajima K, Suzuki T, Nakatsuka H, Takezaki T, Nakayama T, Nitta H, Tanabe K, Tominaga S. An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in Japan. J Epidemiol. 2011; 21(2): 132-43.

Hashido M, Lee FK, Nahmias AJ, Tsugami H, Isomura S, Nagata Y, Sonoda S, Kawana T. An epidemiologic study of herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 infection in Japan based on type-specific serological assays. Epidemiol Infect. 1998; 120(2): 179-86.

Hisatomi K, Isomura T, Kosuga K, Sato T, Nishimi M, Mizoguchi T, Ishii H, Aoyagi S, Ohishi K, Kato H. An evaluation of long-term results over 10 years after intracardiac repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Kurume Med J. 1991; 38(3): 149-57.

Nakai S, Shinzato T, Nagura Y, Masakane I, Kitaoka T, Shinoda T, Yamazaki C, Sakai R, Ohmori H, Morita O, Iseki K, Kikuchi K, Kubo K, Suzuki K, Tabei K, Fushimi K, Miwa N, Wada A, Yanai M, Akiba T, Patient Registration Committee, Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy, Tokyo. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2001). Ther Apher Dial. 2004; 8(1): 3–32.

Patient Registration Committee, Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2002). Ther Apher Dial. 2004; 8(5): 358–82.

Nakai S, Wada A, Kitaoka T, Shinzato T, Nagura Y, Kikuchi K, Masakane I, Shinoda T, Yamazaki C, Sakai R, Marubayashi S, Morita O, Iseki K, Usami T, Kimata N, Suzuki K, Tabei K, Fushimi K, Miwa N, Yauchi M, Wakai K, Akiba T. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2004). Ther Apher Dial. 2006; 10(6): 476–97.

Nakai S, Masakane I, Shigematsu T, Hamano T, Yamagata K, Watanabe Y, Itami N, Ogata S, Kimata N, Shinoda T, Syouji T, Suzuki K, Taniguchi M, Tsuchida K, Nakamoto H, Nishi S, Nishi H, Hashimoto S, Hasegawa T, Hanafusa N, Fujii N, Marubayashi S, Morita O, Wakai K, Wada A, Iseki K, Tsubakihara Y. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2007). Ther Apher Dial. 2009; 13(6): 457–504.

Nakai S, Iseki K, Itami N, Ogata S, Kazama JJ, Kimata N, Shigematsu T, Shinoda T, Shoji T, Suzuki K, Taniguchi M, Tsuchida K, Nakamoto H, Nishi H, Hashimoto S, Hasegawa T, Hanafusa N, Hamano T, Fujii N, Masakane I, Marubayashi S, Morita O, Yamagata K, Wakai K, Wada A, Watanabe Y, Tsubakihara Y. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2010). Ther Apher Dial. 2012; 16(6): 483–521.

Nakai S, Hanafusa N, Masakane I, Taniguchi M, Hamano T, Shoji T, Hasegawa T, Itami N, Yamagata K, Shinoda T, Kazama JJ, Watanabe Y, Shigematsu T, Marubayashi S, Morita O, Wada A, Hashimoto S, Suzuki K, Nakamoto H, Kimata N, Wakai K, Fujii N, Ogata S, Tsuchida K, Nishi H, Iseki K, Tsubakihara Y. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan (as of 31 December 2012). Ther Apher Dial. 2014; 18(6): 535–602.

Masakane I, Nakai S, Ogata S, Kimata N, Hanafusa N, Hamano T, Wakai K, Wada A, Nitta K. An Overview of Regular Dialysis Treatment in Japan (As of 31 December 2013). Ther Apher Dial. 2015; 19(6): 540–74.

Patient Registration Committee, Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy, Tokyo, Japan. An overview of regular dialysis treatment in Japan as of 31 December 2003. Ther Apher Dial. 2005; 9(6): 431-58.

Miyazawa K, Moriyama M, Mikuni M, Matsumura H, Aoki H, Shimizu T, Yamagami H, Kaneko M, Shioda A, Tanaka N, Arakawa Y. Analysis of Background Factors and Evaluation of a Population at High Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma . Intervirology. 2003; 46(3): 150-6.

Akiba S. Analysis of cancer risk related to longitudinal information on smoking habits. Environ Health Perspect. 1994; 102 Suppl 8(Suppl 8): 15–9.

Shiba N, Watanabe J, Shinozaki T, Koseki Y, Sakuma M, Kagaya Y, Shirato K, CHART Investigators. Analysis of chronic heart failure registry in the Tohoku district: third year follow-up. Circ J. 2004; 68(5): 427-34.

Hasegawa J, Wakasa T, Matsumoto H, Takeuchi M, Kanayama N, Tanaka H, Katsuragi S, Nakata M, Murakoshi T, Osato K, Nakamura M, Sekizawa A, Ishiwata I, Ikeda T, Maternal Death Exploratory Committee in Japan and Japan Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Analysis of maternal death autopsies from the nationwide registration system of maternal deaths in Japan. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017; 1-6.

Kessler RC, Sampson NA, Berglund P, Gruber MJ, Al-Hamzawi A, Andrade L, Bunting B, Demyttenaere K, Florescu S, de Girolamo G, Gureje O, He Y, Hu C, Huang Y, Karam E, Kovess-Masfety V, Lee S, Levinson D, Medina Mora ME, Moskalewicz J, Nakamura Y, Navarro-Mateu F, Browne MAO, Piazza M, Posada-Villa J, Slade T, Ten Have M, Torres Y, Vilagut G, Xavier M, Zarkov Z, Shahly V, Wilcox MA. Anxious and non-anxious major depressive disorder in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2015; 24(3): 210–26.

Niizeki K, Kano O, Kondo Y. An epidemic study of molluscum contagiosum. Relationship to swimming. Dermatologica. 1984; 169(4): 197-8.

Bellizzi S, Ali MM, Abalos E, Betran AP, Kapila J, Pileggi-Castro C, Vogel JP, Merialdi M. Are hypertensive disorders in pregnancy associated with congenital malformations in offspring? Evidence from the WHO Multicountry cross sectional survey on maternal and newborn health. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016; 16(1): 198.

Friberg L, Vahter M. Assessment of exposure to lead and cadmium through biological monitoring: results of a UNEP/WHO global study. Environ Res. 1983; 30(1): 95-128.

Shimizu Y, Nakazato M, Sekita T, Kadota K, Yamasaki H, Takamura N, Aoyagi K, Kusano Y, Maeda T. Association between alkaline phosphatase and hypertension in a rural Japanese population: the Nagasaki Islands study. J Physiol Anthropol. 2013; 32(1): 10.

Fukutomi Y, Taniguchi M, Nakamura H, Konno S, Nishimura M, Kawagishi Y, Okada C, Tanimoto Y, Takahashi K, Akasawa A, Akiyama K. Association between body mass index and asthma among Japanese adults: risk within the normal weight range. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2012; 157(3): 281-7.

Tanaka K, Miyake Y. Association between breastfeeding and dental caries in Japanese children. J Epidemiol. 2012; 22(1): 72-7.

Ishizaka N, Ishizaka Y, Toda E, Koike K, Seki G, Nagai R, Yamakado M. Association between obesity and chronic kidney disease in Japanese: differences in gender and hypertensive status?. Hypertens Res. 2007; 30(11): 1059-64.

Tanaka K, Miyake Y. Association between prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure and allergies in young children. J Asthma. 2011; 48(5): 458-63.

Suzuki S, Otsuka T, Sagara K, Kano H, Matsuno S, Takai H, Kato Y, Uejima T, Oikawa Y, Nagashima K, Kirigaya H, Kunihara T, Yajima J, Sawada H, Aizawa T, Yamashita T. Association between smoking habits and the first-time appearance of atrial fibrillation in Japanese patients: Evidence from the Shinken Database. J Cardiol. 2015; 66(1): 73–9.