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Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) Data Input Sources Tool

1=not very likely; 10=extremely likely: *

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) synthesizes a large number of input sources to estimate mortality, causes of death and illness, and risk factors.

The Data Input Sources Tool lets you explore GBD 2019 input sources and retrieve relevant metadata.

Use the selection boxes below to see these input sources by GBD component, geography, and cause. After you have made your selection, you can view and access GHDx catalog records for input sources used by GBD.

Download these input sources as a CSV file to see more information about how they were used in the analysis for the Global Burden of Disease. This CSV file contains relevant metadata about the input sources as suggested in the Guidelines for Accurate and Transparent Health Estimates Reporting (GATHER), a statement that promotes best practices in reporting health estimates.

For detailed information on the tool and the contents of the CSV files, refer to the following documents:


Results for component: Causes of Death and Disability, location: Viet Nam.

Total Citations: 295

Total Source Metadata Rows: 176707



Dunford L, Carr MJ, Dean J, Nguyen LT, Ta Thi TH, Nguyen BT, Connell J, Coughlan S, Nguyen HT, Hall WW, Thi LAN. A multicentre molecular analysis of hepatitis B and blood-borne virus coinfections in Viet Nam. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6): e39027.

Von Seidlein L, Kim DR, Ali M, Lee H, Wang X, Thiem VD, Canh DG, Chaicumpa W, Agtini MD, Hossain A, Bhutta ZA, Mason C, Sethabutr O, Talukder K, Nair GB, Deen JL, Kotloff K, Clemens J. A Multicentre Study of Shigella Diarrhoea in Six Asian Countries: Disease Burden, Clinical Manifestations, and Microbiology. PLoS Med. 2006; 3(9): e353.

Tien NTK, Luxemburger C, Toan NT, Pollissard-Gadroy L, Huong VTQ, Van Be P, Rang NN, Wartel T-A, Lang J. A prospective cohort study of dengue infection in schoolchildren in Long Xuyen, Viet Nam. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010; 104(9): 592-600.

Tirschwell D, Ton T, Ly K, Van Ngo Q, Vo T, Pham C, Longstreth W, Fitzpatrick A. A prospective cohort study of stroke characteristics, care, and mortality in a hospital stroke registry in Vietnam. BMC Neurol. 2012; 12: 150.

Thompson CN, Phan MVT, Hoang NVM, Minh PV, Vinh NT, Thuy CT, Nga TTT, Rabaa MA, Duy PT, Dung TTN, Phat VV, Nga TVT, Tu LTP, Tuyen HT, Yoshihara K, Jenkins C, Duong VT, Phuc HL, Tuyet PTN, Ngoc NM, Vinh H, Chinh NT, Thuong TC, Tuan HM, Hien TT, Campbell JI, Chau NVV, Thwaites G, Baker S. A prospective multi-center observational study of children hospitalized with diarrhea in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015; 92(5): 1045–52.

Meyrowitsch DW, Nguyen DT, Hoang TH, Nguyen TD, Michael E. A review of the present status of lymphatic filariasis in Vietnam. Addict Behav Rep. 1998; 70(3): 335-47.

Ochiai RL, Acosta CJ, Danovaro-Holliday MC, Baiqing D, Bhattacharya SK, Agtini MD, Bhutta ZA, Canh DG, Ali M, Shin S, Wain J, Page A-L, Albert MJ, Farrar J, Abu-Elyazeed R, Pang T, Galindo CM, von Seidlein L, Clemens JD, Domi Typhoid Study Group. A study of typhoid fever in five Asian countries: disease burden and implications for controls. Bull World Health Organ. 2008; 86(4): 260-8.

Horie T, Lien LT, Tuan LA, Tuan PL, Sakurada S, Yanai H, Keicho N, Nakata K. A survey of tuberculosis prevalence in Hanoi, Vietnam. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007; 11(5): 562–6.

Graner S, Klingberg-Allvin M, Phuc HD, Huong DL, Krantz G, Mogren I. Adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes and their determinants in rural Vietnam 1999-2005. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2010; 24(6): 535-45.

Huong DL, Minh HV, Byass P. Applying verbal autopsy to determine cause of death in rural Vietnam. Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003; 62: 19-25.

Bellizzi S, Ali MM, Abalos E, Betran AP, Kapila J, Pileggi-Castro C, Vogel JP, Merialdi M. Are hypertensive disorders in pregnancy associated with congenital malformations in offspring? Evidence from the WHO Multicountry cross sectional survey on maternal and newborn health. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016; 16(1): 198.

Hoa DP, Höjer B, Persson LA. Are there social inequities in child morbidity and mortality in rural Vietnam. J Trop Pediatr. 1997; 43(4): 226-31.

Trung DD, Praet N, Cam TDT, Lam BVT, Manh HN, Gabri'l S, Dorny P. Assessing the burden of human cysticercosis in Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 2013; 18(3): 352-6.

Quoc PS, Charles MA, Cuong NH, Lieu LH, Tuan NA, Thomas M, Balkau B, Simon D. Blood glucose distribution and prevalence of diabetes in Hanoi (Vietnam). Am J Epidemiol. 1994; 139(7): 713-22.

Quan HL, Blizzard CL, Venn AJ, Thuy AB, Luc PH, Sharman JE. Blood pressure and body mass index: a comparison of the associations in the Caucasian and Asian populations. Hypertens Res. 2012; 35(5): 523-30.

Siridamrongvattana S, Van Hoa N, Sanchaisuriya K, Dung N, Hoa PT, Sanchaisuriya P, Fucharoen G, Fucharoen S, Schelp FP. Burden of anemia in relation to thalassemia and iron deficiency among Vietnamese pregnant women. Acta Haematol. 2013; 130(4): 281-7.

Bray F, Colombet M, Mery L, Piñeros M, Znaor A, Zanetti R and Ferlay J, editors (2017). Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Vol. XI (electronic version). Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer. Available from:

Parkin DM, International Agency for Research on Cancer, International Association of Cancer Registries. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents. Vol. I to VIII. Lyon, France, IARCPress, 2005.

Nga NT, Hoa DTP, Målqvist M, Persson L-Å, Ewald U. Causes of neonatal death: results from NeoKIP community-based trial in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. Acta Paediatr. 2012; 101(4): 368-73.

Franceschi S, Smith JS, van den Brule A, Herrero R, Arslan A, Anh P-T-H, Bosch FX, Hieu N-T, Matos E, Posso H, Qiao Y-L, Shin H-R, Sukvirach S, Thomas JO, Snijders PJF, Muñoz N, Meijer CJLM. Cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in women from ten areas in four continents. A cross-sectional study. Sex Transm Dis. 2007; 34(8): 563-9.

Tuan TA, Thanh TT, Hai Nt, Tinh le BB, Kim le TN, Do LA, Chinh B'Krong Nt, Tham NT, Hang Vt, Merson L, Farrar J, Thuong TC, de Jong MD, Schultsz C, van Doorn HR. Characterization of hospital and community-acquired respiratory syncytial virus in children with severe lower respiratory tract infections in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2010. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2015; 9(3): 110-9.

Tran DN, Trinh QD, Pham NTK, Vu MP, Ha MT, Nguyen TQN, Okitsu S, Hayakawa S, Mizuguchi M, Ushijima H. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of acute respiratory virus infections in Vietnamese children. Epidemiol Infect. 2015; 1–10.

Hang HM, Ekman R, Bach TT, Byass P, Svanström L. Community-based assessment of unintentional injuries: a pilot study in rural Vietnam. Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003; 38-44.

Hong TT, Phuong Hoa N, Walker SM, Hill PS, Rao C. Completeness and reliability of mortality data in Viet Nam: Implications for the national routine health management information system. PLoS One. 2018; 13(1): e0190755.

World Health Organization (WHO). Control of Foodborne Trematode Infections 1995. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization (WHO), 1995.

Hung le Q, Vries PJ, Giao PT, Nam NV, Binh TQ, Chong MT, Quoc NT, Thanh TN, Hung LN, Kager PA. Control of malaria: a successful experience from Viet Nam. Bull World Health Organ. 2002; 80(8): 660-6.

Cystic Echinococcosis Endemicity Estimates identified through systematic review and personal communication, as provided by GBD 2015 expert. [Unpublished].

Nguyen TV, Le Van P, Le Huy C, Gia KN, Weintraub A. Detection and characterization of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli from young children in Hanoi, Vietnam. J Clin Microbiol. 2005; 43(2): 755–60.

Trang NV, Luan LT, Kim-Anh LT, Hau VTB, Nhung LTH, Phasuk P, Setrabutr O, Shirley H, Vinjé J, Anh DD, Mason CJ. Detection and molecular characterization of noroviruses and sapoviruses in children admitted to hospital with acute gastroenteritis in Vietnam. J Med Virol. 2012; 84(2): 290-7.

Mai NTH, Chau TTH, Thwaites G, Chuong LV, Sinh DX, Nghia HDT, Tuan PQ, Phong ND, Phu NH, Diep TS, Chau N van V, Duong NM, Campbell J, Schultsz C, Parry C, Torok ME, White N, Chinh NT, Hien TT, Stepniewska K, Farrar JJ. Dexamethasone in Vietnamese Adolescents and Adults with Bacterial Meningitis. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357(24): 2431-40.

Hien BTT, Scheutz F, Cam PD, Serichantalergs O, Huong TT, Thu TM, Dalsgaard A. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and Shigella strains isolated from children in a hospital case-control study in Hanoi, Vietnam. J Clin Microbiol. 2008; 46(3): 996–1004.

Ho-Pham LT, Nguyen UDT, Tran TX, Nguyen TV. Discordance in the diagnosis of diabetes: Comparison between HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose. PLoS One. 2017; 12(8): e0182192.

Thorson A, Hoa NP, Long NH, Allebeck P, Diwan VK. Do women with tuberculosis have a lower likelihood of getting diagnosed? Prevalence and case detection of sputum smear positive pulmonary TB, a population-based study from Vietnam. J Clin Epidemiol. 2004; 57(4): 398–402.

Thu BD, Schultink W, Dillon D, Gross R, Leswara ND, Khoi HH. Effect of daily and weekly micronutrient supplementation on micronutrient deficiencies and growth in young Vietnamese children. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69(1): 80-6.

Le, D.C. Effectiveness of large scale application of permethrin impregnated bednets in malaria control. Medical Publishing House; 1997. 348-360.

Nguyen TV. Effectiveness of Peripel 55EC and K-othrine 2,5 EC Impregnated Bednets for Malaria Control in Kim Boi District, Hoa Binh Province. Hanoi, Vietnam: Medical Publishing House, 1997.

My PV, Thompson C, Phuc HL, Tuyet PT, Vinh H, Hoang NV, Minh PV, Vinh NT, Thuy CT, Nga TT, Hau NT, Campbell J, Chinh NT, Thuong TC, Tuan HM, Farrar J, Baker S. Endemic norovirus infections in children, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2009-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013; 19(6): 977-80.

Thompson CN, Phan VTM, Le TPT, Pham TNT, Hoang LP, Ha V, Nguyen VMH, Pham VM, Nguyen TV, Cao TT, Tran TTN, Nguyen TTH, Dao MT, Campbell JI, Nguyen TC, Tang CT, Ha MT, Farrar J, Baker S. Epidemiological features and risk factors of Salmonella gastroenteritis in children resident in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Epidemiol Infect. 2013; 141(8): 1604-13.

Van Man N, Luan LT, Trach DD, Thanh NTH, Van Tu P, Long NT, Anh DD, Fischer TK, Ivanoff B, Gentsch JR, Glass RI. Epidemiological profile and burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Vietnam: 5 years of sentinel hospital surveillance, 1998-2003. J Infect Dis. 2005; 192(Suppl 1): 127-132.

Do TT, Bui TTH, Mølbak K, Phung DC, Dalsgaard A. Epidemiology and aetiology of diarrhoeal diseases in adults engaged in wastewater-fed agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 2007; 12(Suppl 2): 23-33.

Erhart A, Ngo DT, Phan VK, Ta TT, Van Overmeir C, Speybroeck N, Obsomer V, Le XH, Le KT, Coosemans M, D'Alessandro U. Epidemiology of forest malaria in central Vietnam: a large scale cross-sectional survey. Malar J. 2005; 4: 58.

Thanh P, Van Hong N, Van Van N, Van Malderen C, Obsomer V, Rosanas-Urgell A, Grietens K, Xa NX, Bancone G, Chowwiwat N, Duong T, D'Alessandro U, Speybroeck N, Erhart A. Epidemiology of forest malaria in Central Vietnam: the hidden parasite reservoir. Malar J. 2015; 14(1): 86.

Zhao Y-F, Guo X-J, Zhang Z-S, Ma X-Q, Wang R, Yan X-Y, He J. Epidemiology of functional diarrhea and comparison with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: a population-based survey in China. PLoS One. 2012; 7(8): e43749.

Needham C, Kim HT, Hoa NV, Cong LD, Michael E, Drake L, Hall A, Bundy DAP. Epidemiology of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Ha Nam Province, Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 1998; 3(11): 904-912.

Frischer H, Bowman JE, Carson PE, Rieckmann KH, Willerson D Jr, Colwell EJ. Erythrocytic glutathione reductase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase deficiencies in populations of the United States, South Vietnam, Iran, and Ethiopia. J Lab Clin Med. 1973; 81(4): 603-12.

Nguyễn ĐM, Lê XH, Vũ ĐC. Evaluation of Environment Changes of Replanted Forest to Distribution of Malaria Vectors and Vector Control Measures in Lao Cai and Son La Provinces. 2006.

Vo VN. Evaluation of Malaria Epidemiological Situation by IFA Test. Hanoi, Vietnam: Medical Publishing House, 1992.

Nguyen TV. Evaluation of the Performance of ICON in Malaria Prevention at Some Sites that have An. Minimus, An. Dirus. Hanoi, Vietnam: Medical Publishing House, 1992.

Hanieh S, Ha TT, Simpson JA, Thuy TT, Khuong NC, Thoang DD, Tran TD, Tuan T, Fisher J, Biggs BA. Exclusive breast feeding in early infancy reduces the risk of inpatient admission for diarrhea and suspected pneumonia in rural Vietnam: a prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15: 1166.

Hoa NB, Cobelens FGJ, Sy DN, Nhung NV, Borgdorff MW, Tiemersma EW. First national tuberculin survey in Viet Nam: characteristics and association with tuberculosis prevalence. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013; 17(6): 738–44.